Archaeology, archeology, or archæology is the science that studies human cultures through the recovery, documentation, analysis, and interpretation of material remains and environmental data, including architecture, artifacts, features, biofacts, and landscapes. Because archaeology's aim is to understand humankind, it is a humanistic endeavor. (Renfrew and Bahn (1991)).

The Department of Archaeology at Cambridge is the oldest department of its kind in the UK, offering undergraduate and Masters (MPhil) courses in a wide range of archaeological topics, and facilities for research leading to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). It is a top-ranking Department in the UK's national reviews of research excellence (RAE 2008) and placed 1st nationally in the Guardian League Table.

Top institutions for Archaeology:
League Table 2010 (top 10 list):
1 Cambridge
2 UCL
3 Oxford
4 Durham
5 York
6 Sheffield
7 Glasgow
8 Exeter
9 Nottingham
10 Reading

League Table 2003:
Rank, Institution, Guardian teaching score/100
1 Cambridge 97
2 University College London 94
3 Southampton 85
4 Exeter 84
5 Reading 84
6 Oxford 82
7 King Alfred's Col 82
8 Queen's Belfast 82
9 York 82
10 Bradford 80
11 Manchester 78
12 Birmingham 77
13 Durham 76
14 Bournemouth 76
15 Leicester 76
16 Newcastle 75
17 Nottingham 72
18 Sheffield 72
19 Cardiff 71
20 Bristol 69
21 Liverpool 68
22 Kent at Canterbury 67
23 Wales, Lampeter 60

Source: Guardian University Guide

* Suggested Reading:

Master of Archaeology by Top Schools

Top UK Universities for Anthropology

Best Archaeology PhD Programs

World University Ranking Tables

America - US News & World Report, The Princeton Review, BusinessWeek
Canada - Maclean's, Gourman Report Ranking of Canadian Universities
UK - Sunday Times, Guardian, Times Good University Guide, Daily Telegraph
World - Shanghai Jiao Tong ARWU Rankings, Webometrics, Newsweek
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